Guidance lessons for schools
Many students face personal and developmental challenges which are unique to their stage of life. Some students are faced with complex social issues and depend on the adults in the school community to provide safety and protection, as well as to help them meet educational and developmental milestones. Primary school can be the perfect opportunity provide support for children and to proactively remove barriers to learning and to promote academic achievement; intervention can also make a positive impact in later school years.
Guidance lesson topics are planned following initial visits to the school, discussion with teachers and parents and can be generated using the issues and concerns addressed in the previous school year’s plan. Guidance lessons can be based on the needs of target populations or on a survey of students, parents, or teachers.
Examples of classroom guidance lessons include:
Conflict resolution strategies
Effective conﬂict resolution requires children to apply a combination of well-developed social and emotional skills. These include skills for managing feelings, understanding others, communicating effectively and making decisions. Children need guidance and ‘coaching’ to learn these skills.
Making friends is a vital part of growing up and an essential part of social and emotional development. Social competence, altruism, self-esteem, and self-confidence have all been found to be positively correlated with having friends. Studies have found that friendships enable children to learn more about themselves and develop their own identity. As children mature, friends are able to help reduce stress and navigate challenging developmental experiences, especially during teenage years.
Self-regulation is the ability to manage your emotions and behaviour in accordance with the demands of the situation. It includes being able to resist highly emotional reactions to upsetting stimuli, to calm yourself down when you get upset, to adjust to a change in expectations and to handle frustration without an outburst. Skills are taught that enables children to direct their own behavior towards a goal, despite the unpredictability of our own feelings.
Group counseling in schools can be related to a variety of topics ranging from personal development, emotional growth, communication, and issues that are unique to individual students. The development of comradeship and acceptance often helps struggling students gain confidence in themselves and consequently perform better in school.